Eiffel Tower: Eiffel Tower Facts and History

Eiffel Tower Facts
Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower, Paris.

The Eiffel Tower is an iconic symbol of Paris and a must-visit destination for tourists from around the world. Standing at a height of 324 meters, it is the tallest structure in Paris and has become an important part of the city’s skyline.


The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world’s fair held in Paris to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel, a French engineer and entrepreneur who had previously built bridges and viaducts throughout France.

Eiffel and his team of engineers began work on the tower in 1887, and it took just over two years to complete. The tower was built using over 18,000 individual pieces of wrought iron, and it weighs approximately 10,100 tons.

The tower was originally intended to be a temporary structure, built for the world’s fair and then dismantled afterward. However, it was so popular with visitors that it was allowed to remain standing. It was almost torn down in 1909 but was saved because it had become a useful radio communication tower.


The design of the Tower is based on principles of engineering and aesthetics. The tower is composed of four legs, each of which is curved in a gentle arch. The legs come together at the first level, where they are joined by a lattice of metal beams that form a central column.

Above the first level, the tower narrows slightly and the legs curve inward to meet at a single point. At this point, there is a platform known as the second level. Above the second level, the tower narrows further and the legs curve inward again to meet at a point. This point is topped by a small observation deck, known as the third level.

The tower is also adorned with various decorative elements, including an intricate lattice of metalwork and decorative arches. These decorative elements are not just for show – they also serve a functional purpose by helping to support the weight of the tower.

Visiting the Eiffel Tower

Visiting the Tower is a popular activity for tourists in Paris, and there are several ways to experience the tower.

The first level of the tower is accessible by stairs or elevators. From the first level, visitors can take an elevator to the second level or continue up to the third level. There are restaurants and gift shops located on the first and second levels.

The third level of the tower offers breathtaking views of Paris and its surroundings. On a clear day, visitors can see it from every direction. There is also a champagne bar on the third level, where visitors can enjoy a glass of bubbly while taking in the view.

For those who are looking for an even more thrilling experience, it is possible to climb the stairs to the top of the tower. This is a challenging climb, but it offers a unique perspective on the tower and its surroundings.

In addition to the observation decks, the Eiffel Tower also has several exhibitions that provide insight into the history and construction of the tower. These exhibitions are located on the first and second levels of the tower.

Impact on Paris

The Eiffel Tower has become an important symbol of Paris and is one of the city’s most recognizable landmarks. It has also had a significant impact on the city’s economy, as it attracts millions of tourists each year.

The tower has been featured in countless works of art, literature, and film, and has become a cultural icon in its own right. It has also inspired the construction of similar towers in cities around the world.

In addition to its cultural and economic impact, the Tower has also played an important role in the history of science and technology.
The Eiffel Tower has had a significant impact on the field of engineering and technology. At the time of its construction, it was the tallest structure in the world, and it represented a major accomplishment in the field of structural engineering.

The tower’s design was based on principles of structural engineering, including the use of trusses and arches to distribute weight and resist wind loads. Eiffel and his team of engineers also used innovative construction techniques, such as hydraulic jacks and steam-powered cranes, to build the tower.

The tower was also an important symbol of progress and modernity. It was built during a time of great technological advancement, and it was seen as a symbol of France’s industrial prowess. The tower was also used as a platform for scientific experiments, including studies of meteorology and radio communication.

In the years since its construction, the Eiffel Tower has continued to inspire engineers and architects around the world. Its innovative design and engineering principles have been studied and replicated in countless structures, including skyscrapers, bridges, and communication towers.

Maintenance and Preservation

Maintaining and preserving the Eiffel Tower is a challenging task, given its size and age. The tower requires regular maintenance to prevent corrosion and deterioration, and a team of engineers and technicians work to ensure that the tower remains in good condition.

The tower is periodically repainted to prevent rust and corrosion, a process that requires over 60 tons of paint. The tower is also equipped with a lightning rod and other safety features to protect against lightning strikes and other hazards.

In addition to routine maintenance, the tower has undergone several major renovation projects over the years. In the 1980s, a major renovation was undertaken to upgrade the tower’s elevators and other facilities. In the early 2000s, a glass floor was installed on the first level of the tower, providing visitors with a unique perspective on the tower and its surroundings.


The Eiffel Tower is an iconic symbol of Paris and a testament to the power of engineering and innovation. Its unique design and engineering principles have made it a source of inspiration for engineers and architects around the world, and its impact on Paris’s cultural and economic landscape cannot be overstated.

Today, the tower remains one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations, attracting millions of visitors each year. It continues to serve as a symbol of progress and modernity, and as a reminder of the power of human ingenuity and creativity.

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